NON-VERBAL communication is communication that takes place silently without vocal sounds and can be in the form of body language, gestures, symbols and sound.
When the speaker’s attitude language matches the content of his words, the listener knows immediately that the speaker is honest and sincere in what he says.
Communication can sometimes take place by means of objects like an interview room, the certificates on the wall, the size of desk behind the type of carpet, the person’s clothing and the mobile handset one possesses.
The object around a person show his status, how successful he is, and what respect he should be given.
Language is a vehicle through which the message can be disseminated to the intended audiences.
Language can be connative; that is influential, functional, persuasive, abusive, melodious, delicate and perhaps powerful especially if nicely packaged using the rhetoric devices like assonance, litotes, onomatopoeia, rhyme, rhythm and so forth.
The implicature that the language carries is something that need not to be over emphasis. One can shed tears, smile, wry-le the month, tighten the face, spite silver, collapse or gain confidence.
These include the speaker’s tone, the speed at which he speaks, the volume he maintains, the quality of voice (pitch), and the movements he makes in order to make his words meaningful.
Physical action has to do with space and the environment surrounding. Physical action attracts attention and therefore is important that actions are only to assist effective communication.
The action can better express the speaker’s personality while creating at the same time a good mood in the audience. Thus meaningless, mechanical or stereotyped movements and gestures should be avoided.
The most important elements of physical action are postures, movements, gestures and facial expression.
Movement usually attracts attention, so lecturers or communicators has to make sure that they do not distract the listeners,s attention from what you are saying.
Effective movement is natural, matching the language, the voice and the meaning of the speaker. Ineffective movement is often seen when the speaker walks about without purpose backwards and forwards.
General lack of movement may be unnatural. Purposeful, meaningful, complete and suitable movement, when it holds meaning for the audience or listener, will attract favourable attention and contribute to effective communication.
Gestures is a science of movement and speaks volume about a person. When a part of the body is moved, a gesture is made. For example, the movement of arms, hands, head, shoulders or feet. They may be classified as follows;
Descriptive gestures: these are usually show meaning either directly or indirectly. Symbolic gestures: these can include such signs as a balled first( to indicate power, determination, might or anger).
Locative gesture: these show place, position or direction. Emphatic gesture: these are used when ideas need to be emphasised or established. Dramatic or imitative gestures: These are gestures used by a speaker when he wishes to imitate someone.